Expression of Promising and Deterrence – Respond to meanings in short formal and informal functional texts using various verbal language functions accurately, fluently and in an acceptable manner based on daily contexts.
- Learners are able to understand the expressions of promising
- Learners are able to use the expressions of promising.
- Learners are able to understand the expressions of deterrence.
- Learners are able to use the expressions of deterrence.
Learn about it!
Read the following dialogue between Diara and Bagus. They are talking about the result of math exam that they got this morning before break time.
Diara: I am really happy today. I got a hundred for my math exam. I also got high scores for all subjects.
Bagus: Really? Congratulations, Diara. What a great result!
Diara: Thank you, Bagus. By the way, how is your mark? I am sure you also got high scores for all subjects. On the last exam you were the best scorer.
Bagus: Well. Fortunately all my marks have passed the standard, but I am not satisfied with my exam’s results. The average of my score is 60.
Diara: I am sorry to hear that, Bagus. Were there any problems with you? Did you prepare yourself well before the exams?
Bagus: Yeah, I had a project with some of my friends at that time. I really wanted to learn while doing the project but the project was so intensive and I didn’t have enough time to prepare myself for the exam. Now I really regret it.
Diara: Well, if I were in your position, I would not take that project around the exam weeks.You have to remember, you are a student. So, learning is your main responsibility. If you think you cannot spare your time for learning while doing the project, means you have to concentrate to learn. Do not take the risk.
Bagus: Ya. I know. It was my fault. I will not do it again.
Diara: Promise me, will you?
Bagus: Yes, I promise. I will concentrate on my study and make it my main priority.
Pay attention to the following statements:
“Well, if I were in your position, I would not take that project around the exam week.”
On the example, Diara showed her expression of deterrence to Bagus. Expressions of deterrence are expressions of advising someone not to do something. On the example, Diara deterred Bagus that Bagus’s choice not to learn before exam was wrong. Therefore, Diara said that if she were Bagus she would not take the project. She would stay at home and prepared for the exam.
“Promise me, will you?”
The above expression is an expression of asking for promise. When you want someone to promise something (ask for), then you can use expressions of asking for promise. On the text, Diara asked for Bagus’ promise, she wanted him not to repeat his fault not learning before exam.
“I will not do it again. es, I promise I will concentrate on my study.”
The two expressions above are the examples of expressions of giving/making promise. When you want to make a promise to someone, you can use the expressions of giving promise. On the text, Bagus promised Diara that he will not repeat his fault of not preparing himself well before exam.
Do you understand?
The following are the examples of expressions of promising.
The following are the examples of expressions of deterrence.
- I would not recommend ….
- I would not advise ….
- I do not / I don’t think you ought to ….
- I do not / I don’t think you should ….
- If I were in your position, I would not ….
- I would not do that if I were you.
- If I were you I would not ….
- The way I see it, you should not/ you should ….
- The difference between expression of promise and deterrence is promising means giving a strong commitment and assurance to do something whereas expressing deterrence means giving suggestions to others not to do something
- In asking for promise, you need to be aware of the level of formality.
- In expressing deterrence, pay attention that more formal the situation is, more polite the expressions will be.